Tuesday, February 14, 2017

An Introduction to Classical Ethiopic for Students of Early Judaism and Christianity

Ge'ez (classical Ethiopic) is one of those languages that many students of early Jewish and Christian literature know is important, and would like to be able to work with to some extent, but which remains a bit inaccessible.  Formal classes in Ge'ez are rarely offered. While there are good grammars in English, German, and Italian, they don't always offer the easiest entryway into Ge'ez for the autodidact or for the classroom.

One project I have been working on is writing an introductory Ge'ez grammar which is meant to be a stepping-stone into the language and is specifically designed with students of early Jewish and Christian literature in mind. The intended audience includes those focusing on the so-called Pseudepigrapha, as well as those working on the textual criticism and textual history of "biblical" literature. It will naturally also be useful for those who are interested in learning Ge'ez in order to interact with other important Ethiopic texts. After working through the grammar readers will have a good, basic understanding of the language, and be equipped to start engaging relevant texts, tools, and resources. Those who want to go deeper with the language could then continue on to more extensive resources, like Lambdin, Dillmann, or Tropper.

A few of the features of the grammar:

  • Paradigms and examples presented both in the Ethiopic script and in transliteration.
  • Footnotes indicating where more extensive discussions can be found in works like Lambdin, Dillmann, Tropper, and Weninger.
  • Extensive exercises with helps, notes, and commentary so that from the beginning one is working through texts.
  • Vocabulary, exercises, and examples drawn primarily from Jubilees, 1 Enoch, 4 Ezra, and "biblical" texts like Daniel, Ezekiel, Matthew, and Acts.
  • Info boxes that point out common features (especially orthographic variation) that one will encounter in manuscripts.
  • Tips and "tricks" for recognizing forms.
If there are features that you personally would find helpful in a grammar like this, please let me know!


  1. This grammar is going to be fantastic!


  2. The UFC originally planned an interim title bout between Nurmagomedov and The Ultimate Fighter: Team Lesnar vs. Team dos Santos welterweight winner Tony Ferguson, however, it was canceled due to the Russian with medical problems associated with his weight reduction on weigh-in day.Ferguson finally won the interim title at UFC 216 against Kevin Lee.Ferguson was subsequently expected to meet Nurmagomedov in UFC 223, with the winner being crowned the undisputed winner (as McGregor would be stripped of this title as soon as the bout happened ). In turn, it was scrapped once more (fourth moment ) as Ferguson got hurt, and after several possibilities to get an opponent, Nurmagomedov finally won the vacant title against Al Iaquinta. [9] [10] This card was also marked by an attack on a bus containing several fighters scheduled to compete at the event (including Nurmagomedov and 2 teammates), performed by McGregor and his crew.

    Jussier Formiga was previously scheduled to face Sergio Pettis at January 2017 at UFC Fight Night: Rodríguez vs. Penn.. But, Formiga pulled out of the fight for undisclosed reasons.The pairing was rescheduled for this particular event.
    UFC 229 Live stream Free

  3. The 2018 Country Music Association has announced that the 52nd annual CMA Awards Live Stream. Country Music Association it's called CMA. annual music awards program on network broadcast here.

  4. Course of events - This type of music went through a few phases. It has its underlying foundations instilled in medieval occasions, in any event, going back to antiquated Greeks.Trumpet accompaniment

  5. great & nice articles with a lot of information to read...great people keep posting and keep updating people..thank you , Hello, this is very useful material.